Dental pulp is the soft tissue inside the canal, or channel, that runs through the root of your tooth. The dental pulp consists mainly of blood vessels, tissue fibres and some nerve fibres. The main function of this dental pulp is to regulate the growth and development of your tooth during childhood. Once the tooth is fully formed, nutrition for the tooth comes from the tissues surrounding the root. In short, the tooth can actually function without its pulp (nerve). During root canal therapy the pulp is removed and while the tooth is pulpless, it is not dead.
The most common cause of pulp damage is deep tooth decay, which allows bacteria to reach the pulp and for it to become inflamed and subsequently, infected. This infection could then spread through the opening at the tip of the root into the surrounding bone, and an abscess could result. This abscess will swell and cause pain and discomfort and root canal therapy will be best plan of action to relieve this. Damage to pulp can also be caused by traumatic blows to your teeth, leakage around old or loose fillings, excessive wearing down of your teeth, and cracked teeth.
By removing the infected pulp, cleaning and shaping the root canals, the dentist relieves inflammation and any discomfort. The root canals can then be filled and sealed. After the initial root canal, we would ask you to come back for a second visit where a crown or other restorative device will be applied to your tooth to protect it. Once restored, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth and you can continue living your life, smiling.
Root canal therapy is a simple and standard procedure and we would be happy to discuss it further in a consultation. Click here for our contact details.